88th Infantry Division (United States) Herbert B. Crosby 181st Infantry Brigade (United States) 99th Infantry Battalion (United States) 166th Aviation Brigade (United States) The regiment was one of two composing the One hundred and seventy-sixth Brigade of the Eighty-eighth Division, to which I was assigned, and it is my privilege to narrate some few facts about the organization. '20 April 45. The 88th Infantry Division arrived at Casablanca, French Morocco during November and December 1943. Charles served with the 8th Infantry Regiment, 4th Infantry Division, while his little brother James was a member of the 351st Infantry Regiment, 88th Infantry Division. The 1st Battalion consisted of Companies A, B, C, & D; the 2nd Battalion of Companies E, F, G, & H; and the 3rd Battalion of Companies I, K, L, & M(heavy weapons). Over two-thirds of the regiment wore the Purple Heart. The next contingent came from this state, the Dakotas, Minnesota, Nebraska, and a few from Illinois. 1945 in Italy, 80 pages. On July 6, 1944, in Normandy, Charles climbed out of a foxhole and stepped on a German land mine, which killed him instantly. E333 Entered the Service from: Mount Lebanon, Pennsylvania Died: 9-Apr-45 Buried at: Plot F Row 15 Grave 9 Netherlands American Cemetery Margraten, Netherlands Awards: Distinguished Service Cross, Bronze Star, Purple Heart Campaigns: R.A.CE It was my privilege to investigate the origin of that expression, and I found that the idea dates back to the fifteenth century, when the adventurous navigators and explorers of old sailed west looking for a land of promise—for new lands, for the spring of perpetual youth—and it seemed to me that those white planes were symbolical of that. Wraps, pub. The one hundred and ten casualties of the regiment were almost all from flu, a few from bullets or shell fire, and none from gas; and yet, all who "went west" died soldiers' deaths as truly as though they had been classed as battle casualties. Aboard a Liberty ship, the trans-Atlantic voyage was no easy feat. Long lines of infantry of the 351st Infantry Regiment, 88th Division drive along Highway 64 towards Bologna. The 88th Division contained the 349th, 350th & 351st Regiments. We enjoy hearing from others who have an interest in the history of the 351st. 349th Infantry Regiment. The discipline of this regiment was such that when it did go as a body into the line, not one man lost his life from gas. The film is broken into three parts and available for viewing in succession through the YouTube link below. Not one of our men "went west" through being subjected to gas poisoning, although we had the same experience in a gas attack as the previous brigade which I mentioned. 1: 2: Looking for photograph of Lt. Peter Nalback (WWII) by Admin Jun 5, 2020 17:29:27 GMT: 351st Infantry Regiment. Our division and this regiment were reduced very, very materially, but immediately the vacancies were filled up with a similar lot of men. Eighteen members of the unit received the Distinguished Service Cross, and there were 650 lesser awards for valor. BG Paul Kendall, who led the expedition, was the first member of the 88th to set foot on foreign soil. 5/MM-45-7150. The 88th, whose Doughs wear a blue cloverleaf formed by two interlocking 8s on their shoulders, was the first all-Selective-Service infantry division committed to combat on any front in this war. "God shall "wipe away all tears,"There's no death, no pain, nor fears; And they count not time by years,For there is "no night there. Notices and What's New. We cannot avoid casualties by bullets and high explosive shells, but we can avoid them from gas." 349th regiment, 88th infantry division. That American brigade was subjected to a German gas attack and over two hundred men suffered from its effects. They were brought back to our sector. There was a French hospital there and these men were taken to that hospital and thence day by day were carried to the military cemetery. No rosters but includes list of men who received that Silver Star and higher decorations. Feel free to view examples of morning reports and rosters below. July 1942, July 1945. 333rd Infantry Regiment, 84th Infantry Division Assigned to 1 Plt. It arrived at Naples, Italy, 6 February 1944, and concentrated in the Piedmont d'Alife area for combat training. To one division at Atlanta we sent over four thousand men whom we had trained. The regiment was formed from selective service personnel and sent to the Mediterranean Theater where it took part in the Italian Campaign from February 1944 to the close of hostilities in May 1945. The main units of that comprise the 88th Division: 337th Machine Gun Battalion, 175th Infantry, 349th Infantry, 350th Infantry, 338th Machine Gun Battalion, and various units of the 313th. The Regiment was constituted 5 August 1917 in the National Army as the 351st Infantry and assigned to the 176th Infantry Brigade of the 88th Division. France was calling for assistance and our orders were to train the men quickly, to get them in shape in the shortest possible time. 88th Infantry Division Discussion Group. In the army we talk about "going west," never about death. MtMestas.com is an archive of Documents, Pictures and Stories about the 88th … The 88th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the United States Army that saw service in both World War I and World War II. It was produced by Jeffrey Wisotsky whose father and uncle were both in the 88th. This regiment, as was the case with other organizations, was made up mainly of men unacquainted with things military, but keen to learn. During its time in Italy, the regiment advanced from Naples to within 70 miles of the Brenner Pass, covering approximately 585 miles of some of the most rugged terrain in Europe. It was organized at Camp Dodge, Iowa on 30 August 1917, and Herbert B. Crosby was named to command it. Photo by Schmidt. Infantry Unit Rosters and Unit Photos. We enjoy hearing from others who have an interest in the history of the 351st. --JOHN R. CLEMENTS, From the Annals of Iowa, 1920, Pages 87-91, Third Officers Training Camp - Camp Devens 1918, Rosters of Officers and Enlisted Men for all Companies within the 351st Infantry, Listing of Causalities from all Companies within the 351st Infantry, Group Photos for all Companies within the 351st Infantry, Brief History for all Companies within the 351st Infantry, Highlights and Photos of travels to France including people, places and soldiers that were a part of or met with the 351st Infantry, Photos of the debarkation (landing docks) from France to Newport News including the Transport Steamships. Then the grind commenced again. One Sunday morning I came out from the Red Cross Hotel and looking up toward the brilliant blue sky—the sky seemed bluer in Paris than anywhere else—there appeared a bank of dark clouds over in the east and from that bank of clouds emerged five white aeroplanes. 88th Infantry Division – History of the 351st Infantry Regiment World War II (PDF) $ 14.95 Read more; 88th Infantry Division- We Were There book; 100 pages (PDF) $ 14.95 Add to cart; The Blue Devils in Italy – A History of the 88th Infantry Division in World War II (PDF) $ 14.95 Add to cart I relate this to show how the study and the work and the energy of these young officers and men were instrumental in preventing loss of life. Previous divisions were composed of either Regular Army or National Guard personnel. WW I US Army 351. The 88th Infantry Division arrived at Casablanca, French Morocco, 15 December 1943, and moved to Magenta, Algeria, on the 28th for intensive training. 349th Infantry Regiment. The 351st Infantry was relieved from assignment to the division on 1 May 1947 and served as temporary military Government of the Free Territory of Trieste, securing the new independent State between Italy and Yugoslavia on behalf of the United Nations Security Council. On November 11 we were drawn back, and the maintenance of discipline without the incentive of action began again. The division during the first seven months lost over forty-eight thousand men by transferring them to outgoing divisions, and I happen to have the records of the battle losses of five of these divisions. In the land of fadeless day Lies the "City four square," It shall never pass away,And there is "no night there. Each Regiment consisted of three battalions that commanded four companies. "And the gates shall never closeTo the "City four square,"There life's crystal river flows,And there is "no night there. He was only 23 years old. Designate… ABMC Headquarters 2300 Clarendon Blvd, Suite 500 Arlington, VA 22201 Phone: 703-584-1501 As the Three hundred and fifty-first appeared to the commanding general to be better prepared to take over these trenches than the other Regiment of the brigade, two hundred men were immediately sent from it to serve with and assist the French troops and get the benefit of their experience; later the entire sub-sector was taken over by this regiment, it being relieved later by the Three hundred and fifty-second. The purpose of this website is to serve as a collection point for information pertaining to the 351st Infantry Regiment, including its history, its men, and their experiences in Italy during World War II. Contents Include: Rosters of Officers and Enlisted Men for all Companies within the 351st Infantry; Photographs of most Officers; Listing of … Feel free to contact the site's administrator by clicking. The easiest thing in war is to get men killed; the hardest is to get results and not suffer casualties. Our losses would otherwise have been very much greater. Previous divisions were composed of either Regular Army or National Guard personnel. U.S. Government Printing Office, The 351st Infantry Historical Notes 1917 - 1919, © 1919, C. F. Brantner, Hardcover, 120 Pages. In the division we had over seven thousand cases, but, thanks to the devotion of our medical officers and nurses, our total loss was only slightly over four hundred men; greater, however, than our battle casualties. 88th Infantry Division Blue Devils. The 351st was the first all-draftee regiment to see combat in WWII. The accounts of the 351st Regiment of Infantry of the 88th Division in World War I.  HQ in Camp Dodge, Iowa. "There they need no sunshine bright, In that "City four square,"For the Lamb is all the light,And there is "no night there." The accounts of the 351st Regiment of Infantry of the 88th Division in World War I. HQ in Camp Dodge, Iowa. The first 88th Division unit into the line was 2nd Battalion, 351st Infantry, which relieved elements of the Texas Division’s 141st Infantry Regiment near Cervaro. During 344 combat days, it accounted for over 40,000 enemy causalities and destroyed large amounts of stores and equipment. 196th Signal Photo Co.' Marzabotto Area, Italy. I do not know the percentage of men in this particular regiment who had over three months' training, but the division as a whole had eight thousand men of over three months' training, thirteen thousand between one and three months, and six thousand with less than one month's training. Covers soiled and light stains. 961 likes. They were forty thousand five hundred and eight men. The 88th Division in the World War of 1914-1918 Item Preview They were French planes flying in formation and they silently passed a strip of blue sky and disappeared in a mass of white sunlit clouds to the west. 350th Infantry Regiment. It arrived at Naples, Italy in early February 1944, and concentrated in the Piedmont d'Alife area for combat training. https://military.wikia.org/wiki/88th_Infantry_Division_(United_States) The regiment that went overseas was composed mainly of Iowans, but in part of men from all this tier of middle western states—stalwart, clear-eyed, rosy-cheeked young athletes from all walks of life, animated by a single purpose—to serve their country in a crisis, to give the best that was in them for the honor and welfare of the great republic. We lacked considerable equipment, but it was later supplied, and in less than a month from our landing the regiment was sent to the front line trenches, there to meet the enemy it had been training to meet while here at Camp Dodge and overseas; but unfortunately we were met at the outset by a more insidious enemy, one for which our training was useless. They realized that their own success in action must depend upon discipline and knowledge and training, and I will say, from the point of view of their brigade commander, that their efforts were highly successful. The daily grind of drill, of instruction, of target practice, of the many seemingly trifling things that go to instill discipline and training were cheerfully carried out. The colonel of this regiment told me that one of his men had a gas shell explode so near him as to wound his foot and have the liquid mustard splash on his forehead, and yet, although burned, he got his mask on before the fumes could reach him. 88th Infantry Division – Blue Devils. World War II. 442nd Infantry Regiment (Nisei) attached Aug 44 - Sep 44. It seemed to me that it was symbolic of the lives of many of our men over there who made the supreme sacrifice. The 351st Infantry Regiment was activated in July 1942 at Camp Gruber, Oklahoma as part of the 88th Infantry Division. The regiment was formed from selective service personnel and sent to the Mediterranean Theater where it took part in the Italian Campaign from February 1944 to the close of hostilities in May 1945. The Division was assigned to the VI American Corps, First Army, for training in open warfare. The war had ended in victory for our arms, and the time had arrived for us to return to the states. I refer to Spanish influenza. My grandfather was in North Africa and Italy in this battalion. It was equal to any in the army. 88th Infantry Division Trust Period 1947-1954. The only known documentary of the 88th Infantry Division as told through stories of the veterans. Documents, photos, and videos that provide a backdrop to World War II in Italy. General Discussion. While we sincerely mourn their loss, we feel they went in a great undertaking, a great national emergency, and that they contributed their all to the success of the cause of freedom and right. We were again filled up, but our officers were becoming discouraged, due to the fear that we might never get across. 20 April 1945 While still much depleted by sickness, the brigade was directed to take over the front line trenches in the Alsace sector from a French division. On September 5, 1918, Major-General William Weigel, who had just been promoted from Brigadier General in command of the 56th Infantry Brigade of the 28th Division, U. S. A., which had taken part in the Second Maine offensive, was assigned as Commander of the 88th Division. 351st Infantry Regiment While he and his advance party members were busy preparing to receive the division, the 351st Infantry Regiment began its slow voyage across the ocean to North Africa. On my way to the coast I passed through the city of Paris. Much of the experience in reactivating it was used in the subsequent expansion of the U.S. Army. 351st Infantry Regiment. The 88th Infantry Division served for 307 days in Combat in the European African Middle Eastern Theater; during this time they served in the campaigns of ROME-ARNO, NORTH APENNINES, and PO VALLEY. Feel free to contact the site's administrator by clicking here. 3: 15: 349th regiment, 88th infantry division by jimlowell Jan 16, 2021 22:01:09 GMT: 350th Infantry Regiment. In July, 1918, however, orders came for the division to go to France. Re-published writings and original compositions that tell the story of the 351st. th Brigade 88. Back to all Infantry Divisions. 28 Feb- They did not lose their lives—they gave them—gave them willingly to their country, and for this we, their comrades, will always cherish and honor their memories and hold fast the principles for which they fought. The purpose of this website is to serve as a collection point for information pertaining to the 351st Infantry Regiment, including its history, its men, and their experiences in Italy during World War II. The younger officers who did not have much experience at first were better fitted by this time, and the second contingent were put through the training period more effectively. This regiment, the Three hundred and fifty-first Infantry, was organized in September, 1917, from men selected mainly from the western counties of the great state of Iowa, but later, as changes occurred by detachments being sent to other divisions, the vacancies were filled with men from Minnesota, Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska and North Dakota. This page is dedicated to the men in the 88th Infantry from WWII. In August 1917, the Regiment was organized with 3,755 Officers and enlisted men: The 88th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the United States Army that saw service in both World War I and World War II.It was one of the first of the Organized Reserve divisions to be called into federal service, created nearly "from scratch" after the implementation of the draft in 1940. History of the 351st Infantry Regiment, 88th Infantry Division April 1944 to May 1945 Uniforms and insignia badge, unit, 88th Infantry Regiment, Austro-Hungarian Army Their altitude was so great that the noise and whir of the propeller blades and motors could not be heard. We worked with them for three months, then came orders from Washington to send these thousands of men elsewhere. You are to see that every officer and enlisted man is thoroughly qualified in the use of the gas mask, which alone affords complete safety. ABMC Headquarters 2300 Clarendon Blvd, Suite 500 Arlington, VA 22201 Phone: 571-842-0020 They looked like great white birds and were going west. 447.Photograph. 788th Ordnance Light Maintenance Company. Conscious of its power and its ability to render the highest service, the regiment went across, landing in France in the early days of September and continuing its training there where it was in touch with actual war conditions. Th Division Roster Unit History Book. 349th Infantry Regiment. We will not say that they lost their lives, notwithstandingthis tablet to their memory. It was a very sad and a very impressive sight, so much so that the brigade commander called his officers together and said in effect: "These are avoidable casualties. Operations reports, an interactive map, and a searchable database of names from the 351st Regiment. Catalog Record: Roster; Company "H", 350th infantry, 175th brigade, 88th division, A. E. F | HathiTrust Digital Library History of the 351st Infantry Regiment. We have met to honor the memory of the officers and enlisted men of one of the regiments of the national army who gave their all at the call of their country. 349th Infantry "Kraut Killers" Regiment. Officers and men were subjected to the most severe military training that I have ever imposed or witnessed in my forty years of service. List Member Check-In. Several maps and photos. They emerged from dark clouds, crossed the sky and entered bright clouds, lighted by the sun. Comprised mostly of men from the Upper Midwest, Minnesota, Iowa, South Dakota, North Dakota. The 351st Infantry Regiment was activated in July 1942 at Camp Gruber, Oklahoma as part of the 88th Infantry Division. The 351st Infantry Regiment was a National Army Infantry Regiment first organized for service in World War I as part of the 88th Infantry Division in Europe. History of the regiment in the 88th Infantry Division of the 5th Army in Italy. Fifth Army, Marzabotto Area, Italy. Our time was short. Back to all Army units 1st Infantry Division – Big Red One 2nd Infantry Division – The Indianhead Division 3rd Infantry Division – Rock of the Marne 4th Infantry Division – Ivy Division An incident which occurred in connection with an American brigade which preceded ours impressed me as a soldier more than any other one thing in a long career. 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