In March 1939, theWehrmacht Supreme Command Oberkommando der Wehrmacht – or OKW for short – was founded to control the operations of the German armed forces. In addition, the SS-Verfügungstruppe (from April 1940, known as the Waffen-SS) provided three motorized infantry divisions and a brigade. The division's infantry regiments were built up from the 1. The 1st Infantry Division, was one of the original infantry divisions of the Reichswehr and Wehrmacht that served throughout World War II. Infantry Division (1st Wave) In accordance with the 1939/40 Mobilization Plan. Also Panzer Division Kempf, a temporary unit of mixed Heer and Waffen-SS components. 1st Battalion, 399th Infantry Regiment, 170th Infantry Division 355 On 1… The backbone of the Heer (German Army) was the infantry division. [1], The designation "Light" (leichte) had various meanings in the German Army of World War II. (mot.) According to Davies, the Cavalry divisions were mounted infantry and the Cossack divisions were "true cavalry", modelled on the Russian cavalry divisions. The infantry regiments of the Infantry Division, Old Type, may be considered the basic type of German infantry regiments, as their organization remained for all practical purposes unchanged from the beginning of 1940 until the end of 1943. The German Orders of Battle at the time of the campaign in Poland and the resulting outbreak of World War 2. A typical infantry division in June 1941 had 17,734 men organized into the following sub-units: Many of the higher-numbered units were small battle groups (Kampfgruppen), i.e. The backbone of the Heer (German Army) was the infantry division. The Hermann Göring formations grew from a single police detachment to an entire armored corps over the course of the war. The 106th Reserve Infantry Regiment came from the 24th (Royal Saxon) Reserve Division and the 178th Infantry Regiment came from the 23rd (1st Royal Saxon) Infantry Division. After being reorganized as the 26th Panzer Division, some of the 23rd Infantry Division's original components were used to create a new 23rd Infantry Division. Of the 154 divisions deployed against Soviet Union in 1941, including reserves, there were 100 infantry, 19 panzer, 11 motorised, 9 security, 5 Waffen-SS, 4 "light", 4 mountain, 1 SS police, and 1 cavalry. "Orders of Battle". These designations are normally not translated and used in the German form in the unit name or description. 161-162. It was formed after the passing of the “Law for the Reconstruction of the National Defense Forces”. All divisions in the Waffen-SS were ordered in a single series up to 38th, regardless of type. This law brought back into existence a free-standing German army, navy and air force, something that had been essentially banned after the end of World War I. wwii 88th infantry div 350th regiment uniform w/di's cross stitching. In early 1944 personnel strength was typically 150 officers and three thousand men. Today. Prior to 1939 the Reichsheer included 15 cavalry regiment. 178), three infantry regiments with staff and communications units, three companies (each with twelve 3.7 cm guns), Supply, medical, veterinary, mail, and police. 1st Battalion, 203rd Panzer Regiment 286. and Inf.Div. The unit's Prussian heritage is represented by the … The later epithet Fallschirm ("parachute") was purely honorific. In peacetime, the Imperial German Army included 217 regiments of infantry (plus the instruction unit, Lehr Infantry Battalion). A typical infantry division in June 1941 had 17,734 men organized into the following sub-units:[4]. Mueller-Hillebrand B., Das Heer, 1933-1945. vol. The 123rd Infantry Division initially fought on the Western Front in World War I, entering the line in the Aisne region in mid-April 1915. Though named Fallschirmjäger ("paratrooper") divisions, only some of them participated in airdrops in the early part of the war, and in practice most operated as ordinary infantry throughout their existence. Patreon: organization and structure of a German infantry division. German Organisation in WW2 German SS Panzergrenadier Company (Motorized) (1944-45) Headquarters 3 Rifle Platoons Headquarters 3 Squads 2 x 9mm SMG 1 x PSK 2 x 7.92mm LMG 2 x G98 Rifle (Assistant LMG Gunners) 4 x G98 Rifle Weapons Platoon Headquarters 2 HMG Squads 2 HMG Sections 1 x 7.92mm HMG Mortar Squad 2 Mortar Sections 1 x 81mm Mortar Anti-tank Squad 4 x PSK World War II Armed Forces — Orders of Battle and Organizations: Last Updated 14.12.2016: German Army. The lower-numbered ones earned and maintained an élite status, but quality generally declined among the higher-numbered divisions. There were now over two-and-a-half million men under arms in the German Army, of which the Waffen-SS contributed about 100,000. Different units of the regiment were stationed at other forts throughout the island. Its chief was Colonel General Keitel. Garde-Regiment zu Fu) was a unit in the Imperial German Army prior to and during the … Most of these divisions trained in Berlin, which is also where new military technology was kept and tested. At that time, it consisted of the usual German infantry division elements: three infantry regiments of three battalions each, one three-battalion regiment of light artillery, one battalion of heavy artillery, a Panzerjäger Battalion, a reconnaissance Battalion, a Signals Battalion, a Pioneer … in 1939 had got 3106 men, 2260 rifles, 845 pistols, 42 HMG, 88 LMG, 27 light mortars, 18 heavy mortars, 24 light and 8 heavy infantry guns, 12 AT guns. An armored battalion typic… WW2 German Field Equipment including Bread Bags, Zeltbahns, Shovels & Covers, A-Frames & more WW2 German Field Equipment - Epic Militaria JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. On mobilisation, the German Army raised 113 Reserve Infantry Regiments (of 332 … The Lehr Infantry Battalion was expanded to form the Lehr Infantry Regiment. Major units above corps level are listed here. Luftwaffe Field Divisions were ordinary infantry divisions organized from Luftwaffe personnel made available after mid-war due to the manpower crunch. These names were an effort to cover Germany's expansion of infantry divisions from seven to twenty-one. At the beginning of the war 13 of the 15 regiments were used to form 54 reconnaisance battalions for the Divisions, asn well as infantry horse platoons to some of the later infantry units. Private First Class Leonard E. Adams 157th Infantry Regiment 01/21/1945 : Private Howard M. Anchors 180th Infantry Regiment 06/03/1944 : Private Zeno P. Babarski 157th Infantry Regiment 06/04/1945 : Sergeant Harold E. Baird 179th Infantry Regiment 05/03/1945 : Staff Sergeant Casimer Bernat 180th Infantry Regiment 05/15/1944 : Sergeant Elmer E. Blake 179th Infantry Regiment 01/31/1944 (Preussisches) Infanterie-Regiment of the 1.Division of the Reichswehr and originally consisted of recruits from East Prussia. Division 594. Of the 154 divisions deployed against Soviet Union in 1941, including reserves, there were 100 infantry, 19 panzer, 11 motorised, 9 security, 5 Waffen-SS, 4 "light", 4 mountain, 1 SS police, and 1 cavalry. Most were experienced in the West and Russia. WWII German death card for Infantry Regiment Soldier JOSEF BIELMEIER who died in war at the Russian Front at the age of 27 on January 15, 1942. 1st Kavallerie Brigade. It was the standard German infantry squad support weapon for the first half of World War II, being supplanted by the MG42 (Figure 35b, right) later in the war. The 32nd Infantry Division of the German Army was mobilized on 1 August 1939 for the upcoming invasion of Poland. At 17 (1938), he enlisted in the Army at Fort Thomas, and was assigned to Item company, 10th Infantry … II, E.S. overall this is a nice uniform I have had for over 20 years unfortunately it does not have a name or information that I know of. In general the later waves (i.e., the higher-numbered divisions) were of lower quality than the earlier ones. You can’t say too much for them.” That was the tribute “brass” paid to the 80th Infantry Division Doughboys after they had broken through a ring of German lead and steel to help rescue the 101st Airborne Division, never-say-die defenders of Bastogne. It is a double sided, double page card. More information... Pinterest. On mobilisation, the German Army raised 113 Reserve Infantry Regiments (of 332 battalions) and 96 Landwehr Infantry Regiments (of 294 battalions). Measures about 4.5" x 5.0" unfolded. Infantry divisions were raised in waves, sets of divisions with a standardized table of organization and equipment. Germany's Table of Organization and Equipment for 1944 Infantry Division ... German Uniforms Military Weapons German Army Luftwaffe Us Army World War Ii Division Ww2 Africa. Originally formed as the beginning of Germany's first wave of rearmament, the division was first given the title of Artillerieführer I and only later called Wehrgauleitung Königsberg. They were originally Luftwaffe units but were later handed over to the Army, retaining their numbering but with Luftwaffe attached to distinguish them from similarly numbered divisions already existing in the Heer.[12]. The Odenwald, built in 1903 (not to be confused with the German World War II war ship which carried the same name), was an armed German supply ship which tried to force its way out of the San Juan Bay and deliver supplies to the German submarines waiting in the Atlantic Ocean. When studying World War 2, a common question that arises is what exactly each army group or unit name means? Germany had ten panzer divisions in Normandy, including five from the Waffen SS. These were headquarters for controlling aggregates of flak ("anti-aircraft artillery") assets rather than ordinary combined arms divisions organized for ground combat. This question arises a fair bit with readers of, so we have compiled a table to help explain what the unit or group names mean, what units made up larger WW2 army units, the rough size of the unit, and what rank of officer or NCO was normally in charge. 39th Infantry Regiment Enlistment and first campaigns Faulkner was born on June 9th, 1921 in Kentucky. For the invasion of France the German Army was organized into three army groups: In 1939 Germany was divided into 13 geographical districts known as ‘Wehrkreise’, each of which was a depot for a number of divisions and formed a ‘home-base’ for their regiments. In 1939 the GermanReich was divided into thirteen geographical military districts, each of which provided the pe… Data booklet from the, This page was last edited on 17 January 2021, at 17:41. Contrary to popular opinion, the Wehrmachtwas not so mechanized or technologically sophisticated, they often were left to navigate their terrain on horses, and their mechanized and tank formations accounted for about 20 percent of their capacity. For smaller units, see List of German corps in World War II and List of German divisions in World War II Army Commands (Oberbefehlshaber. Not related to the 18th Infantry Division. Divisions are listed by number and reflect their lineage where names or designations were changed over time.[5]. The Nazi German Army, Heer, was formed in May of 1935. Parachute Training and Replacement Division, List of German military units of World War II, Glossary of World War II German military terms, Learn how and when to remove this template message, The Tank Killers, A History of America's World War II Tank Destroyer Force,, Lists of military units and formations of World War II, Military units and formations of the Wehrmacht, Lists of military units and formations of Germany, Infantry divisions of Germany during World War II, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles lacking reliable references from January 2020, Articles lacking in-text citations from December 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Panzer Division Nr. Germany's Table of Organization and Equipment for 1944 Infantry Division. German infantry tactics in WWII emphasized an aggressive offense with t… However, the average panzer division along the Atlantic Wall possessed merely seventy-five tanks. 1st Battalion, 134th Infantry Regiment, 44th Infantry Division 594. Owing to Allied deception measures, some German armored units failed to engage the Anglo-Americans until after D-Day. Lieutenant Teofilo Marxuach, the officer of the day, was stationed at El Morro Castle at San Juan Bay on 21 March 1915. Due to the scope of this list, pre-war changes are not shown, nor are upgrades from units smaller than a division. Condition is Good with just some minor mothing as pictured. In the U.S. Army an infantry regiment was composed of three battalions, each with three rifle companies, a headquarters company, and a heavy weapons company. Used in this role, it was equipped with a bipod (but could be converted to the heavy machinegun role by putting it on a tripod) and belt-fed, although it could accept 50-round drums. To keep its existence secret, the first German airborne division was named as if a Flieger ("flier") division in the series of Luftwaffe divisions that controlled air assets rather than ground troops-named 7th Flieger Division (often translated 7th Air Division - which see: 1st Parachute Division (Germany)) The division was later reorganized to start a series of nominally airborne divisions. of all German armed forces. A German infantry regiment of I. Welle Inf.Div. divisions in name only. The table lists the Infantry Regiments and Field Artillery Battalions and the Engineer Combat … This article lists divisions of the Wehrmacht (German Armed Forces), including the Army, Luftwaffe, and Kriegsmarine, active during World War II. Mittler & Sohn, 1969, pp. 178 (previously Division Nr. All five were eventually converted to ordinary Panzer divisions.[3]. Some of these regiments had a history stretching back to the 17th Century, while others were only formed as late as October 1912.[2]. One side contained a map of the division's route through Europe, the other side a text history with illustrations. KStN Infantry Regiment Headquarters (Reich) or Infantry Regiment Headquarters (East Prussia) Infantry Horse Platoon Twenty-Third Infantry, 1812-1945 - Unit history of the 23rd Infantry Regiment, 2nd Infantry Division, printed in the ETO after V-E Day. The List of World War II military units of Germany contains all military units to serve with the armed forces of Germany during World War II. this tunic has some nice cross stitching on the patches, German made DI"s a sewn on ribbon bar with invasion arrow and a nice CIB. But what was the number of men and equipment in infantry regiments from divisions of 2nd, 3rd and 4th waves, as well as from Mountain Divisions? Astel, John; Goodwin, A. E.; Long, Jason, Bengtsson, Sven Ake; & Parmenter, James D. (1998). An airborne regiment consisted of 115 officers and 1,950 men. German infantry regiment 1939. While Germany and Fascist Italy were in the process of conquering most of Europe in 1939 and 1940, and the Empire of Japan grabbing territory in the Pacific and China, the United States felt unprepared in the event war was necessary to combat the Axis Powers and began mobilizing its army in response. [7], CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (, 1st (Emperor Alexander) Guards Grenadiers, 1st (1st East Prussian) Grenadiers "Crown Prince", 2nd (1st Pomeranian) Grenadiers "King Frederick William IV", 3rd (2nd East Prussian) Grenadiers "King Frederick William I", 4th (3rd East Prussian) Grenadiers "King Frederick the Great", 5th (4th East Prussian) Grenadiers "King Frederick I", 6th (1st West Prussian) Grenadiers "Count Kleist von Nollendorf", 7th (2nd West Prussian) Grenadiers "King William I", 8th (1st Brandenburg) Life Grenadiers "King Frederick William III", 9th (2nd Pomeranian) Colberg Grenadiers "Count Gneisenau", 10th (1st Silesian) Grenadiers "King Frederick William II", 11th (2nd Silesian) Grenadiers "King Frederick III", 12th (2nd Brandenburg) Grenadiers "Prince Charles of Prussia", 13th (1st Westphalian) Infantry "Herwarth von Bittenfeld", 14th (3rd Pomeranian) Infantry "Count Schwerin", 15th (2nd Westphalian) Infantry "Prince Frederick of the Netherlands", 16th (3rd Westphalian) Infantry "Baron Sparr", 17th (4th Westphalian) Infantry "Count Barfuss", 19th (2nd Posen) Infantry "von Courbière", 20th (3rd Brandenburg) Infantry "Count Tauentzien von Wittenberg", 21st (4th Pomeranian) Infantry "von Borcke", 22nd (1st Upper Silesian) Infantry "Keith", 23rd (2nd Upper Silesian) Infantry "von Winterfeldt", 24th (4th Brandenburg) Infantry "Grand Duke Frederick Francis II of Mecklenburg-Schwerin", 26th (1st Magdeburg) Infantry "Prince Leopold of Anhalt-Dessau", 27th (2nd Magdeburg) Infantry "Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia", 30th (4th Rhenish) Infantry "Count Werder", 31st (1st Thuringian) Infantry "Count Bose", 33rd (East Prussian) Fusiliers "Count Roon", 34th (Pomeranian) Fusiliers "Queen Victoria of Sweden", 35th (Brandenburg) Fusiliers "Prince Henry of Prussia", 36th (Magdeburg) Fusiliers "General Field Marshal Count Blumenthal", 37th (West Prussian) Fusiliers "von Steinmetz", 38th (Silesian) Fusiliers "General Field Marshal Count Moltke", 40th (Hohenzollern) Fusiliers "Prince Charles Anton of Hohenzollern", 41st (5th East Prussian) Infantry "von Boyen", 42nd (5th Pomeranian) Infantry "Prince Maurice of Anhalt-Dessau", 43rd (6th East Prussian) Infantry "Duke Charles of Mecklenburg", 44th (7th East Prussian) Infantry "Count Dönhoff", 46th (1st Lower Silesian) Infantry "Count Kirchbach", 47th (2nd Lower Silesian) Infantry "King Ludwig III of Bavaria", 48th (5th Brandenburg) Infantry "von Stülpnagel", 52nd (6th Brandenburg) Infantry "von Alvensleben", 54th (7th Pomeranian) Infantry "von der Goltz", 55th (6th Westphalian) Infantry "Count Bülow von Dennewitz", 56th (7th Westphalian) Infantry "Vogel von Falkenstein", 57th (8th Westphalian) Infantry "Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick", 59th (4th Posen) Infantry "Baron Hiller von Gaertringen", 60th (7th Brandenburg) Infantry "Margrave Charles", 61st (8th Pomeranian) Infantry "von der Marwitz", 64th (8th Brandenburg) Infantry "General Field Marshal Prince Frederick Charles of Prussia", 73rd (Hannover) Fusiliers "Field Marshal Prince Albrecht of Prussia", 78th (East Frisian) Infantry "Duke Frederick William of Brunswick", 79th (3rd Hannover) Infantry "von Voigts-Rhetz", 80th (Kurhessian) Fusiliers "von Gersdorff", 81st (1st Kurhessian) Infantry "Landgrave Frederick I of Hesse-Cassel", 83rd (3rd Kurhessian) Infantry "von Wittich", 85th (Holstein) Infantry "Duke of Holstein", 86th (Schleswig-Holstein) Fusiliers "Queen", 89th (Grand Ducal Mecklenburgian) Grenadiers, 90th (Grand Ducal Mecklenburgian) Fusiliers "Emperor William", 94th (5th Thuringian) Infantry "Grand Duke of Saxony", 101st (2nd Royal Saxon) Grenadiers "Emperor William, King of Prussia", 102nd (3rd Royal Saxon) Infantry "King Ludwig III of Bavaria", 104th (5th Royal Saxon) Infantry "Crown Prince", 105th (6th Royal Saxon) Infantry "King William II of Württemberg", 106th (7th Royal Saxon) Infantry "King George", 107th (8th Royal Saxon) Infantry "Prince John George", 108th (Royal Saxon) Schützen (Füsiliers) "Prince George", 110th (2nd Baden) Grenadiers "Emperor William I", 111th (3rd Baden) Infantry "Margrave Ludwig William", 112th (4th Baden) Infantry "Prince William", 114th (6th Baden) Infantry "Emperor Frederick III", 115th (1st Grand Ducal Hessian) Lifeguard Infantry, 116th (2nd Grand Ducal Hessian) Infantry "Emperor William", 117th (3rd Grand Ducal Hessian) Life Infantry "Grand Duchess", 118th (4th Grand Ducal Hessian) Infantry "Prince Charles", 119th (1st Württemberg) Grenadiers "Queen Olga", 120th (2nd Württemberg) Infantry "Emperor William, King of Prussia", 121st (3rd Württemberg)(Old Württemberg) Infantry, 122nd (4th Württemberg) Fusiliers "Emperor Francis Joseph of Austria, King of Hungary", 123rd (5th Württemberg) Grenadiers "King Charles", 124th (6th Württemberg) Infantry "King William I", 125th (7th Württemberg) Infantry "Emperor Frederick, King of Prussia", 126th (8th Württemberg) Infantry "Grand Duke Frederick of Baden", 152nd (1st Alsasian) Infantry "Teutonic Order", Royal Bavarian Infantry Lifeguards Regiment, 2nd Royal Bavarian Infantry "Crown Prince", 3rd Royal Bavarian Infantry "Prince Charles of Bavaria", 4th Royal Bavarian Infantry "King William of Württemberg", 5th Royal Bavarian Infantry "Grand Duke Ernst Ludwig of Hessen", 6th Royal Bavarian Infantry "Emperor William, King of Prussia", 7th Royal Bavarian Infantry "Prince Leopold", 8th Royal Bavarian Infantry "Grand Duke Frederick II of Baden", 11th Royal Bavarian Infantry "von der Tann", 12th Royal Bavarian Infantry "Prince Arnulf", 13th Royal Bavarian Infantry "Franz Josef I, Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary", 15th Royal Bavarian Infantry "King Frederick August of Saxony", 16th Royal Bavarian Infantry "Grand Duke Ferdinand of Tuscany", 18th Royal Bavarian Infantry "Prince Ludwig Ferdinand", 19th Royal Bavarian Infantry "King Viktor Emanuel III of Italy", 20th Royal Bavarian Infantry "Prince Francis", 21st Royal Bavarian Infantry "Grand Duke Frederick Francis IV of Mecklenburg-Schwerin", 22nd Royal Bavarian Infantry "Prince William of Hohenzollern", List of Imperial German artillery regiments, List of Imperial German cavalry regiments, "The Prussian Machine, Infantry Regiments",, Regiments of the German Army in World War I, Lists of military units and formations of World War I, Lists of military units and formations of Germany, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 October 2020, at 19:29.